When I was at my last job, I tried occasionally to take a step back from deals and markets and get perspectives on the bigger picture. To that end, I once went to a talk given by the anthropological theorist David Graeber, who is perhaps best known for being fired from Yale just maybe because he was an anarchy activist who was occasionally arrested at protests. After this talk – about theories of value from a Maussian-Marxist perspective – Graeber took questions. The tone of the questions, which often began “when I was in grad school” and went on to cite Weber and Nietzsche, and the variety and topiary ambition of the questioners’ facial hair, led me to believe that I was probably the only investment banker in the room.
Graeber now seems to be courting a financial-industry audience, however, with a well reviewed new book out about the history of debt, and an interview with Naked Capitalism today. It’s a good read, both because Graeber loves to be provocative and because it has things to like for both Ron Paul voters and Paul Krugman readers.
For example, think that paper money will destroy America and QE3 would be treason? Graeber’s takes a long-term perspective. Really long-term:
The last time we saw a broad shift from commodity money to credit money it wasn’t a very pretty sight. To name a few we had the fall of the Roman Empire, the Kali Age in India and the breakdown of the Han dynasty… There was a lot of death, catastrophe and mayhem. The final outcome was in many ways profoundly liberatory for the bulk of those who lived through it – chattel slavery, for example, was largely eliminated from the great civilizations. This was a remarkable historical achievement. The decline of cities actually meant most people worked far less. But still, one does rather hope the dislocation won’t be quite so epic in its scale this time around.
On the other hand, this is after all a guy who spends his vacations at anarchist riots, so he’s not going to say no to a little liberatory destruction. So he can live with fiat money, depending on just whose fiat it is:
When thousands of people begin assembling in squares in Greece and Spain calling for real democracy what they are effectively saying is: “Look, in 2008 you let the cat out of the bag. If money really is just a social construct now, a promise, a set of IOUs and even trillions of debts can be made to vanish if sufficiently powerful players demand it then, if democracy is to mean anything, it means that everyone gets to weigh in on the process of how these promises are made and renegotiated.” I find this extraordinarily hopeful.
So then … maybe we’ll see some forced mortgage refinancing?
On the other hand Graeber appears to be less interested in solving the unemployment problem. Actually he’s not so sure unemployment is a problem. Maybe the problem is employment:
And, I might add, if Aristotle were around today, I very much doubt he would think that the distinction between renting yourself or members of your family out to work and selling yourself or members of your family to work was more than a legal nicety. He’d probably conclude that most Americans were, for all intents and purposes, slaves.
What is Debt? – An Interview with Economic Anthropologist David Graeber [Naked Capitalism]